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CHACCHOBEN

DETAILS
Area Archaeological Chacchoben
Chetumal, México
Maya
Preclásico Tardío
08:00 a 17:00
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History

It is very likely that the first inhabitants of the region established during the pre late (ca. 200 ane), in small villages around the perennial water bodies, such as the lagoon and eight of Chacchoben, but it is up to classic early, when the site was developed monumentalmente and became the main public buildings. But during subsequent periods, established by archeology, continuous inhabited settlement, the mayor appears to have constructive activity decreased around 700 dne, later culminating with his virtual abandonment, to be re-populated, albeit partially, during the Late Post-classic , the date to which the large number of fragments of incense effigy that has been recovered.

Unfortunately the only two trails with hieroglyphic inscriptions found to date, have virtually illegible texts, which can only be assumed that Chacchoben was a site linked to a larger regional capital of the Peten area, judging by the architectural style of its buildings, which presents corners remetidas of the fabrics in buildings more temprano5 and rounded in the construction later with a typical socket arrangement between street and the slope in apron, as well as the materials recovered to date, with a clear similarity with documented sites in the north of Belize rather than sites in northern Yucatán.

     
 

Importance of place

It is located in the southern portion of the state of Quintana Roo, which includes physiographically Lakes Region. His original name is unknown and therefore, Peter Harrison who reported for the first time the site, named by the same name in which the ejido is located. To tell the residents of older speakers of Mayan, the name refers to the "corn-colored".

Chacchoben corresponds to the largest settlement so far reported in the area known as the Lakes Region. The exploration of the settlement began in 1994 and have been involved and consolidated some of the most important buildings that make up the core of the settlement, which extends over an area of approximately 70 hectares which are distributed sets of structures of different ranks among the it sets out the so-called Great Basement, the Ways and Group II, which includes the tallest building in the settlement. The architectural character of the groups corresponds essentially to civic and religious functions are confirmed by the large number of incense later recovered in the upper Great Basement and the two main buildings which crowns, which are temples. The Great Basement was to be the main stage of ceremonial activities, both religious and public order.

In one of the stairways that allow access was lifted on Monument 1 which seems to have worked as a marker dates calendáricas associated primarily with the equinoxes and solstices, probably indicating the start of the agricultural periods. All the routes had to function as residence of the group leader, and it can be seen low platforms that must endure masonry rooms perishable materials. The Group II has not been explored, but by the magnitude of their buildings and the distribution pattern that presents it is very likely that function as administrative and housing.

Viewed as a whole, the site had to provide a larger settlement under the hegemony of any large city in the lowlands of southern without at the moment we spelled.

 
     
     
 

Location

The crux of the settlement is located 85 km. The city of Chetumal and only 3 km. The town of Lazaro Cardenas. The main access roads are federal highway 307 Chetumal - Escárcega and federal highway 293 Chetumal - Merida (short track). The monumental area of the settlement is adjacent to the road, making it very easily accessible.

 

 
     
Chacchoben map
     
 

Principal Structures

To date only have explored the five buildings that rest on the Grand Basement, the main building of the Joint Ways and low platforms flanking one. It is important to mention that all buildings intervened presents different stages constructive same as can be seen only partially explored in buildings, which shows the long occupation of the site.

The facades of the Great Basement, we see two stages constructive, which repeat the same architectural pattern. In its final stage introduced staggered three bodies on which lie the ceremonial buildings. Surely the two smaller buildings rematan one of the access stairs were the role restrict passage to the Temple 2 and the sacred space that should represent the whole surface of the Great Basement. It is interesting to note that one of the buildings later in the set and that was the one that was largely retained, it is known as the Temple Town House, which was built on the steps of the Temple 1, when the site was revived again as a place of worship the deities employers allowing the continuity of life and reproduction of life cycles in the beliefs of its inhabitants. Very probably constituted the threshold by which initiates could establish a contact between the sacred and the ground, and possibly also served as an indicator of important dates of the astronomical calendar when the monument 1, was covered by new construction.

 
     
 

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