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CHACCHOBEN

DETAILS
Archaeological Zone Dzibanché
Chetumal, México
Maya
Clásico Temprano
08:00 a 17:00
$16.00
 

History

Although lacking many years of explorations on the site prior to understand its internal functioning and their inter-relationships, we can say that probably would have been founded to 200 ane, where they would have built various platforms and construction of perishable materials. It is from early classical (200 dne), which Dzibanché becomes a big city and begins development of the huge construction projects can be viewed today. In this era of the Acropolis are set Kinichná, Building Io Temple Owl and the first phase of constructive Block II or Temple of the Cormorants, to cite the most important. During the classic late (600-800 dne), ending the construction phase of huge temples - basements of ceremonial role, but on the contrary there is an enormous expansion of the settlement, through the building of a large number of public buildings, palaces and houses grouped around neighborhoods that may have economic implications and productive. The architecture of agriculture, expressed through numerous works of packaging and modification of the landscape, it also shows an important development, which is clearly linked to population growth unprecedented witnessed Dzibanché at that time. Subsequent to the end of the classic terminal (ca. 1000 dne) there seems to have been a period of social and political disintegration and disruption in the area, which would have resulted in the cessation of architectural works on the site and its subsequent partial abandonment. After 1200 dne, population incorporated in a scattered pattern and ruralizado establishes their homes in the space of the old places and dismantle some buildings to build their building materials. For the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the inhabitants of Dzibanché only came to the temple ruins to deposit offerings and perform ceremonies to the ancestors.
     
 

Importance of place

His name in Maya means "writing on wood" was given by the discovery of wooden lintels with inscriptions calendarícas in the structure known as the Temple VI. Probably the settlement dates back to the year 200 BC Being a small farming village in the beginning, four or five centuries later, beginning his major deployment urban and social reached its apogee in the Classical Period. In this era of the acropolis are set Kinichná, Building 1 or Temple Owl and the first phase of Block 11 or constructive Temple of the Cormorants

 
     

 

     
 

Location

It is located 81 kms. Northwest of Cd. In Chetumal, the state capital. Access is following federal highway 186 Chetumal - Escárcega, and at km. 58 should take the diversion of 14 kms. That leads to the village of Morocoy; to reach this village, continue 2 kms. On the road to San Pedro Peralta and turn left at the point marked by the signs. The dirt road from 7 kms. That part of this point, leads directly to the site.

 

 
     
Chacchoben map
     
 

Principal Structures

As mentioned earlier, the prehistoric settlement consists of four architectural groups: Tutil, Lamay, Kinichná and Dzibanché, of which only the last two have been partially explored and can be visited. The tour of the set Dzibanché begins with the Building VI or temple of Dinteles, a relatively isolated building, the first phase of constructive retains an ornate basement with bodies with a slope design and board similar to those built in Teotihuacan in these times. In the upper portion may be a temple well preserved, and for the second phase constructive, which features a wooden lintel from the 554 dne

Continuing the tour reaches the Gann Square, named in memory of the first academic visitor to the site. This area retained a number of buildings of various functions and temporality, which of course emphasizes the Block II or Temple of the Cormorants, which is a big basement floor on the square which is a temple of exceptional height and narrowness , supplemented by some small tapancos at their ends; this temple can be seen on the remains of a crestería that his time would have been estucada and profusely decorated. It is interesting to note that in the interior of the basement was a system of three vaulted chambers, one of which guard the remains of a personage of high status, accompanied by an offering that included various pieces of pottery, including the glass that polychrome names the building, as well as a mask jadeíta and various ornaments of the same material.

 
     
 

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