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CHACCHOBEN

DETAILS
Archaeological Zone Kabah
Yucatán, México
Maya
Clásico
10:00 a 17:00
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History

The area was already inhabited by the middle of the third century BC Most of the architecture visible today was built in the centuries VII and XI. In one of the lintels on the door of a building is the date recorded years 879, probably during the time cusp of the city. Another date recorded is one of the latest in the Classic Period Maya, 987. Kabah was abandoned, or at least not more ceremonial centers were built several centuries before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in Yucatan.
An elevated pedestrian path or "sacbé" 18 miles long and 5 meters wide with arches at both ends connected with the site Uxmal.
The first detailed report on the site was published by John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood in 1843.

 

     
 

Location

The site is located on the national highway 261, 140 km south of the capital of Merida near the town of Ticul and is a very popular tourist destination. Part of the circuit "Puuc Route." The ruins lie on both sides of the road in a very vast area. Many of the structures are little visited or are still covered by jungle. In 2003 he was in a program designed to clean and restore more buildings and archaeological excavations under the direction of arquólogo Ramon Carrasco.

Kabah park was declared state of Yucatan in 1933.
 
     
Chacchoben map
     
 

Principal Structures

Triumph Arch

Near the city center stands an arch that marks the beginning of the road, or sabéc, which unites Kabác with Uxmal. Without virtually ornamentation, only has two trim at the center, had the infeerior it painted red (there are still challenges that paint on the west side). It was rebuilt in the mid-50 of the twentieth century by the Mexican archaeologist Pontian Salazar.

Kabah park was declared state of Yucatan in 1933.

The Great Pyramid

Built on a small elevation terrain. The use of this increase was complemented by filling a need that was used to lift it on a structure with several terraces. There are remnants of a staircase, on the south side, and some living quarters.

Group Palace

He also lifted a natural elevation is the largest building in the city. This relatively well preserved and there are remnants of 2 ladders that allow access to all. It is estimated that the palace had more than thirty rooms. The second level entries have different widths and some of them divided by columns. It retains some of the increase and this facade decorated with columnilla divided into three sections.

Annex to the palace there is a building that has two staircases, one north and one west which makes up an arc that is the gateway to the inner rooms of the ground floor with large columns. This building connects the palace with the so-called Codz Poop.

The importance of this building and the large number of people who inhabited is demonstrated by the many chultunes that have been around them, were found 14.

The Codz Poop

The mat enrocada "which is the Spanish translation of Codz Poop is the most important building Kabáh. He was also called the Palace of the Mascarones. We performed on an artificial platform and its walls are richly decorated. The west facade has masks of Chaac and beneath them there is a greca snakes intertwined on masks and there is a geometric design based on triangles. Faced with the masks on the terrace that opens to the building, there was an altar that has hieroglyphics on the sides. In the south there is a large building that has remnants of a staircase on the north side. This ornamentation is so loaded in the extent to which reached the Puuc style.

In the esplanade that opens before the building was found two almost identical sculptures that were part of the decoration of the facade, these sculptures are, in the Archaeological Museum of Yucatán and the other in the National Museum of Anthropology at the City Mexico.

 
     
 

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