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CHACCHOBEN

DETAILS
Archaeological Zone Oxtankah
Chetumal, México
Maya
Clásico Temprano
08:00 a 17:00
$14.00
 

History

Seems to be established for the first time during the Classic Early (200-600 after Christ), when the Mayans built the most important buildings in the city, including temples, palaces, squares, sunken courtyards and buildings isolated, just a few thousand meters from the bay, with the use of a broad platform naturally. To obtain supplies of fresh water, the inhabitants of the site built chultunes and wells to capture rainwater. The city has been extended up to the limits of the bay, including the island of Tamalcab, where various structures have been identified. The architectural style of buildings linked to the site with the Peten region, in Guatemala.

The size and importance of Oxtankah were not always equal, because some portions were abandoned after the year 600 after Christ, and subsequently refurbished and reoccupied by enlargements of platforms and the construction of new palaces, temples and administrative buildings on the existing ones. Upon arrival of the Spaniards, the city was occupied by many small residential units, as well as countless walls delimitation residential (albarradas). After the first Spanish incursions, the chapel was built, which is at the north end of the site, which is the testimony later in the history of constructive Oxtankah.

 

     
 

Importance of place

Oxtankah is the name given in 1937 by the archaeologist Alberto Ramos Escalona with a vast prehistoric settlement located north of the city of Chetumal. He received that name from the large number of trees ramon (ox in Mayan) surrounding the site, because the original name of the settlement is unknown.

It is the largest prehistoric site and important Chetumal Bay, has a very long sequence constructive and some researchers believe that corresponds to the former Chactemal of historical sources, and therefore had been the scene of the first documented miscegenation. While that argument yet to be verified, since such a description rather appears to correspond to the nearby site Ichpaatún (the walled-fashioned Posclásica), can not fail to note the significance of its architecture and the beauty of the objects discovered so far in inside the tombs discovered.

 
     
     
 

Location

It is located 16 kilometers north of Chetumal, capital of Quintana Roo. To reach the site takes the path Chetumal-Calderitas and from that town continues for the paved road that borders the bay; 4.5 kilometers north is the identification mark that access to the area.
 
     
Chacchoben map
     
 

Principal Structures

Today you can visit the structures of two large squares and the area recently intervened in the Spanish chapel, scanned at the beginning of the eighties. The Bees Plaza consists of five buildings and residential ceremonial role. In the far east of the square, is a platform with four bodies that holds a single temple compound. Under the floor of the temple were built two graves where the bodies were placed in two major characters, accompanied by various objects as a gift. These graves can be visited by entering the rear of the base of the temple. The construction corresponds to the period 300-600 dne, and later was covered by another building occupied until the arrival of the Spaniards. To the south of the square is a palace of small size, built between 300 and 600 dne,
The oldest building can be seen in the middle, two rooms with vaulted vestiges located on the sides of the stairs of access; east there are the remains of the bodies of the platform that says.
 
     
 

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