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Archaeological Zone Xpuhil
Campeche, México
Preclásico Tardío
08:00 a 17:00


The archeological area owes its name to a watery Xpuhil close call, which Maya refers to a herbaceous plant of the family of cipráceas, abundant in the town and known for its shape as "Tail Cat." The first evidence of human occupation at the site dating back to the year 400 BC, within the period known as Preclásico Late; Momentum, mainly reflected in the architecture, seems to have been during the Late Classic (years 600-800 of our era), and its decline came towards Posclásico Early in the year 1200 or so.

Xpuhil was discovered by the archaeologists Americans Karl Ruppert and John Denison of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, in February 1938. Since then the dimensions and details characteristic of the main building attracted the attention of researchers and in 1946 Tatiana Proskouriakoff developed a reconstruction of the beautiful and impressive building. It was published for the first time in his album Architecture Maya and since then became popular.


Importance of place

The building becomes important because I atypical of a building at Rio Bec style, its three towers and distribution of their architectural spaces.




It is located 302 km southeast of the city of Campeche on the km 146 of the federal highway Escárcega-Chetumal (Mexico 186), in the municipality of Calakmul.

If it chooses to travel by road Chenes can visit all communities with its colonial churches, which are crossed, and if we take the road Escárcega can make a break and visit Balamkú.


Chacchoben map

Principal Structures

Xpuhil is composed of approximately 17 groups and numerous architectural platforms character housing scattered over an area of approximately 5 km2. The first 4 buildings that are north of the road, are the Structures I, II, III and IV.

The Structure I, also known as the Building of the Three Towers was desplanta on a platform of rounded corners which measures 53 meters long by 26 wide and 2 high, which comes through a staircase of 18 meters . Wide at eastern side. At its north and south sides, there are two rooms with their respective entries.

The building on the platform with 12 aposentos rectangular oriented to the four cardinal points. The main facade is in the eastern side, where watch two of the three towers of the building among which there are three entrances to the building that are flanquedas by cascades of masks in low relief on the front pages that can be observed partial zoomorphic.

The third tower is oriented west. These towers were eleven overlapping bodies, and were topped by temples simulated with crestería, whose access was false surrounded by a large mascarón the Monster of the Earth. The body of the towers there is not practicable steps in its three core Monster masks of the Earth distributed symmetrically.

Just east of I is located Structure II, on whose facade there are the foundations of small rooms that once were thatching with arch false. The Structure III appears to have had a residential use, as it has sidewalks in its interior.

The Structure IV has two levels with inner rooms also a housing; their sidewalks are decorated with motifs cruciformes or taking T-shaped element that symbolizes the wind, referring to the "breath of life".

The fifth building, known as Xpuhil 2 or Temple of the Crests, is located one km south of the asphalt ribbon, and is composed of 19 rooms, which were central in their walls striped with horizontal hieroglyphics. This structure is desplanta on an artificial platform in his southern sector are located several aposentos thatching with the typical Mayan vault.

The main facade of the building is characterized precisely by its auction superior or crestería, introducing several rectangular cavities or caladuras, and vestiges of stylized masks, Rio Bec own style.


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